Flora & Fauna

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Thrive on the islands despite the nutrient-poor soil about 250 plant species. The most common of course, the coconut palm that is well adapted to these conditions. On many islands, also about 10 m high screw pine have settled with their typical stilt roots, which grow perpendicular to the ground to support the branches. Its fruits are similar in size and appearance of a pineapple, they are only green and change color red as they ripen and are eaten cooked. Also impressive final size of the banyan tree, also known as strangler fig or Nika. Near the beach grow up to 3m high Scaevolabushes, with hand-sized, leather-like leaves, they are salt-tolerant and therefore insensitive to spray brackish water and saline. Also widespread is the Beach lily, bougainvillea, and with white and red buds Frangipani and red hibiscus.
The small size of the islands has only a limited land wildlife habitat. The hermit crab is one of the best known of the many types of cancer, otherwise there are lizards, geckos, various insects and bats, a Maldivian subspecies of the Indian flying fox, which hang upside down in the high treetops. The birds include the Maldivian representatives gloss crow, heron, a cuckoo bird called Koel, who makes with strange call attention to themselves, as well as gulls, terns and frigate birds occasionally.
However, the flora and fauna underwater is one of the most impressive maritime areas of the world with a seemingly inexhaustible variety of species and colors. The Maldives are considered the richest fishing grounds in the world and its coral reefs are among the greatest.